Globally 46.8 million people are estimated to be living with dementia, this is expected to double in the next 20 years. Recent figures suggest a new diagnosis of dementia occurs every 3 seconds.
Dementia is a term used to describe a syndrome which is caused by diseases of the brain, which impact on memory, reasoning, communication and ability to carry out activities of daily living. This occurs alongside the development of behavioural and psychological symptoms.
Culturally specific communication, integration and person-centred care for people with dementia is essential in supporting their human rights and citizenship. There is a need for a rights-based approach of understanding culturally sensitive dementia care and support to prevent social exclusion and discrimination in socio-cultural policies and practices.
Cultural beliefs have a direct influence on how health, illness and the ill person is interpreted. However, there is currently a lack of understanding of the impact of the culturally diverse health and social care dementia workforce on the provision of culturally sensitive care for people with dementia.
IDCC aims to explore and develop culturally sensitive care and support for people living with dementia to support their human rights and citizenship, and to understand how health and social care professionals’ culturally driven perceptions of the biological, psychological and social aspects of dementia impact on their provision of culturally sensitive care.
The objectives of the IDCC include:
- The development of a global understanding of the impact of dementia for people with a diagnosi, their friends and families, and health and social care professionals from the perspective of culture
- The exploration of the differences between and within cultures around the world and how this has an impact on people living with dementia, their friends and families
Dr Joanne Brooke is an Adult Nurse and Health Psychologist, who is currently working as Reader in Complex Older Persons Care with Oxford Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Research at Oxford Brookes University (OxINMAHR)
Joanne's research interests include stroke, dementia and the understanding of supporting student nurses to develop evidence-based practice, and closing the theory practice gap. With regards to dementia Joanne's work has focused on improving care for people with dementia in an acute hospital setting, and building a competent, skilled and passionate workforce, including a focus on delirium superimposed on dementia. Joanne has also focused on the identification of delirium in people with dementia living in the community, and up-skilling of nurses to complete cognitive screening.
Joanne was a Senior Lecturer for four and a half years at the University of Greenwich. During this time she developed and implemented a number of dementia accredited courses at various levels, for undergraduate and postgraduate nurses. From this work, Joanne began to consider the impact of culture on nurses understanding dementia and how this may impact on their provision of person-centred care.
This questioning and need for further understanding of these topics grew into the conception of the first two studies of the International Dementia and Culture Collaborative: The intersect of culture un the understanding and development of person-centred dementia care amongst adult nursing and paramedic science students.