International Dementia & Culture Collaborative

Welcome to International Dementia & Culture Collaborative

What is the IDCC?


Globally 46.8 million people are estimated to be living with dementia, this is expected to double in the next 20 years. Recent figures suggest a new diagnosis of dementia occurs every 3 seconds. 

Dementia is a term used to describe a syndrome which is caused by diseases of the brain, which impact on memory, reasoning, communication and ability to carry out activities of daily living. This occurs alongside the development of behavioural and psychological symptoms. 


Culturally specific communication, integration and person-centred care for people with dementia is essential in supporting their human rights and citizenship.  There is a need for a rights-based approach of understanding culturally sensitive dementia care and support to prevent social exclusion and discrimination in socio-cultural policies and practices. 

Cultural beliefs have a direct influence on how health, illness and the ill person is interpreted. However, there is currently a lack of understanding of the impact of the culturally diverse health and social care dementia workforce on the provision of culturally sensitive care for people with dementia. 

Explore more about us...



IDCC aims to explore and develop culturally sensitive care and support for people living with dementia to support their human rights and citizenship, and to understand how health and social care professionals’ culturally driven perceptions of the biological, psychological and social aspects of dementia impact on their provision of culturally sensitive care. 



The objectives of the IDCC include:

- The development of a global understanding of the impact of dementia for people with a diagnosi, their friends and families, and health and social care professionals from the perspective of culture

- The exploration of the differences between and within cultures around the world and how this has an impact on people living with dementia, their friends and families

Dr Joanne Brooke

Director of IDCC


Dr Joanne Brooke is an Adult Nurse and Health Psychologist, and currently Professor of Nursing, and Director of the Centre of Social Care, Health and Related Research at Birmingham City University. 

Joanne's research interests  include stroke, dementia and the understanding of supporting student nurses to develop evidence-based practice, and closing the theory practice gap. 

Joanne's work regarding dementia has focused on improving care for people with dementia in acute hospital, community and prison settings, and building a competent, skilled and passionate workforce, 

 Joanne has also focused on the identification of delirium in people with dementia living in the community and on admission to an acute hospital, and up-skilling of nurses working in both environments to identify, support and care for patients with delirium superimposed on  dementia.


Joanne was a Senior Lecturer for four and a half years at the University of Greenwich. During this time she developed and implemented a number of dementia accredited courses at various levels, for undergraduate and postgraduate nurses. From this work, Joanne began to consider the impact of culture on nurses understanding dementia and how this may impact on their provision of person-centred care.

This questioning and need for further understanding of these topics grew into the conception of the first two studies of the International Dementia and Culture Collaborative: The intersect of culture un the understanding and development of person-centred dementia care amongst adult nursing and paramedic science students.

Current Projects


Impact of dementia in prison

How are prisoners with dementia identified, assessed, diagnosed, supported and cared for in the prison setting.

Follow the up date of this project and further research exploring the impact of dementia in prison via #PrisDemResearch


Impact of culture on dementia care


The intersect of culture in the understanding and development of person-centred dementia care amongst adult nursing students.


Impact of culture and second bereavement

Developing an understanding of second bereavement of family members from diverse cultural backgrounds.

History of Prisons


Old Melbourne Jail (just one of many visited)

The history of custodial institutions provides an insight into the development of modern prisons, from punishment to reform.


Visiting prison museums

Prisons museums throughout Western countries provide an insight in to similar roots, conditions and concerns of poor treatment of prisoners.


A growing prison population: aging prisoners

Custodial institutions need to develop beyond reforms to support an aging prison population. This brings complex issues for custodial, health and social care services.

Further prisons of interest


HM Prison Shepton Mallet

 The prison was closed in March 2013., and opened in 2018 for tours. No changes have been made to the building or its contents, so this is a really interesting tour for the those interested in understanding the conditions of a recent prison. Although, plans are in place to convert this prison into apartments.  


Oxford Prison - now a 5* hotel!

 A prison with a 5* hotel experience, well worth a visit, for either a drink, dinner or an overnight stay in a cell with luxury amenities. 

Hopefully in September 2020 also the venue for a book launch: 


Dementia in Prison: An ethical framework to support research, practice and prisoners.


Human Rights for people with dementia

 A powerful session on Human Rights and the need for the involvement of people with dementia in all aspects regarding dementia – from diagnosis to care to treatment to research. 

Helen Rochford-Brennan

On dementia specific villages– we do not discuss gathering up all of those with diabetes and putting them in one village. But society is happy to do this for people with dementia. This is not acceptable.


Publications from our work




Brooke, J.M., Ojo, O. (2019). Contemporary views on dementia as witchcraft in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing DOI: 10.1111/jocn.15066. 

Brooke, J.M., Jackson, D. (2019). An exploration of the support provided by prison staff, education, health and social care professionals, and prisoners for men with dementia in prison: A phenomenological study. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 30(5): 807-823. 

Brooke, J. (2019). Equity of people with dementia in research, why does this issue remain? Journal of Clinical Nursing DOI: 10.1111/jocn.14957.

Cronin, C., Brooke, J. (2019). Relation to Older People Evaluation (ROPE) a measure of ageism: A systematic review. Journal of Older Person Nursing 31(3): 29-38. 

Brooke, J.M., Rybacka, M. (2019). Development of a dementia education workshop for prison staff, prisoners, health and social care professionals. Journal of Correctional Health Care (accepted and in press).

Ojo, O., Brooke, J., Cronin, C. (2019). The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia. Journal of Nursing Research DOI: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000343.'_Cultural_Beliefs_of_Dementia 

Brooke, J., Cronin, C., Stiell, M., Ojo, O., Belcina Jr., M.T., Smajlović, S.K., Slark, J. (2019). Nursing students’ cultural beliefs and understanding of dementia: A phenomenological study across three continents. Nursing Education Today 77: 6-11.'_cultural_beliefs_and_understanding_of_dementia_A_phenomenological_study_across_three_continents 


Brooke, J., Diaz-Gil, A, Jackson, D. (2018). The impact of dementia in the prison setting: A systematic review. Dementia: the international journal of social research and practice DOI: 10.1177/1471301218801715. 

Brooke, J.M., Stiell, M. (2018). Paramedic science students’ willingness, interest, likelihood and intentions to work with people with dementia. Journal of Dementia Care 26(3): 28-29.


Brooke, J.M., Stiell, M. (2017).  Paramedic students' beliefs, experiences, and development of clinical and interpersonal skills to support people living with dementia.  Journal of Paramedic Practice 9(8): 348-353.'_beliefs_experiences_and_development_of_clinical_and_interpersonal_skills_to_support_people_living_with_dementia 

Brooke, J.M., Cronin, C., Steill, M., Ojo, O. (2017) The intersection of culture in the provision of dementia care: A systematic review. Journal of Clinical Nursing DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13999. 

Brooke, J.M., Ojo, O. (2017) Elements of a sustainable, competent and empathetic workforce to support patients with dementia during an acute hospital stay: A comprehensive literature review. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management 1–16. 

The Collaborative







Further Information



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Resource Reviews


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